Labour law of UAE protects the employees from unfair prospects and defends them from the contractual provisions that are less beneficial for employees. It sets the criteria for minimum employment wages and other benefits. Certainly, these criteria cannot be avoided while drafting the employment contract. Namely, the authorities consider anything less than the provisions described in the labour law void and null.
Thus, it proves that you are in safe hands if you find a secure job in a well-renowned company in UAE. A review of employment law in the UAE has been presented below to help you in the future:
1. The Role of The Ministry
The Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation takes the responsibility of perfecting your working life in the Emirate. In particular, it wants you to experience a fulfilling working experience and bring credible resources into the labour market. Therefore, it works extensively to improve the employment contract and issue work permits. It inspects the workplace to ensure that the employees are working in a healthy and safe environment.
2. The Role of Labour Disputes Committee
Moreover, the employee and employer present the dispute before the Labour Disputes Committee at the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation. It happens before the court trials.
Decidedly, The Labour Disputes Committee does not impose judgement or any kind of binding decision. It offers conditions for settlement. Both the parties in dispute must accept the settlement decision.
3. The Role of Labour Courts
The courts, established in each Emirate, have the authority and jurisdiction to hear the employment disputes that the committee was unable to resolve. Also, employees who bring the dispute to the court are exempt from the fees at all stages of litigation. In addition, if the court dismisses the claim, the court demands the employee to pay all or a part of the court fees.
4. Working Hours in UAE
Article 65 of UAE labour Law has acknowledged 8 hours per day or 48 hours per week as standard working hours in the private sector. On the approval of the ministry, the working hours change to 9 hours per day for business, cafes and hotels. In comparison, the labour law does not entitle the government institutes to operate for 7 hours daily.
Also, the most splendid element is that the working hours are reduced by 2 hours during the holy month of Ramadan. It gives you a chance to benefit from all the blessings and charms of the holy month without stressing about work tasks. Moreover, labour laws protect you from the harmful consequences of working in a hideous environment. In this case, it prohibits the employees from working for more than 7 hours per day.
5. Criteria for Employment Termination
Remember, when the employer fails to honour obligations towards the employee’s well-being and benefits, an employee has the privilege to resign without notice under Article 121 UAE labour law 2020. Suppose the employer violates the provisions of the employment contract or assaults the employee. In that case, the employee has the right to walk out of the office and not return without notifying the employer ahead of time.
Comparatively, the revised labour law prohibits private sector companies from terminating employees during a probation period without a 14-day written notice. Hence, you can dream of a secure career in UAE.
6. Employment Stability Resolution
Certainly, the Employment Stability Resolution will remain in force until the current precautionary measures remain in place. It is applied in respect of all the non-UAE employees. The resolution requires the employer to follow the five steps listed below in consent of the employee:
- Implement remote working models
- Grant paid leaves
- Grant unpaid leaves
- Decrease the salary temporarily
- Decrease the salary permanently
The key change in the resolution regards the virtual labour market. It enables the employer to enrol employees who are currently a surplus to the business requirements.
Moreover, the employer has to provide accommodations and entitlements except for wages until the foreign employee either leaves the country or obtains a work permit from another employer.
7. Remote Working Programme
The Emirate of Dubai launched a remote working programme to include freelancers in the labour market. Also, it allows the professionals to live in the country while being employed by overseas companies. Consequently, the following criteria have been identified. The applicant must have:
- A passport with a validity of a minimum of six months
- Health insurance, valid in UAE
- Proof of employment from the employer
- A salary of a minimum of US$5000 per month
- At last, submit last month’s payslip and bank statement for three preceding months
The lawyers in Dubaican explain these elements revolving in corporate law more comprehensively and guide you to explore your options carefully. They will help you in preventing unfavourable events due to a lack of knowledge. So, if you land in unfavourable circumstances, it’s best that you hire a lawyer.