Before we go to discuss what do carrot sprouts look like? Let me introduce carrot well to you.
The carrot, its scientific name Daucus carot, is a flagship vegetable in the kitchen, and of course in the kitchen garden. Its wild ancestor is originally from Iran, it was cultivated from the 10th century in Asia and during the Renaissance in Europe. Very widespread today, it is cultivated mainly in China, Russia, the United States and Poland. France is the seventh producing country. I am going to give you my advice in this practical sheet for growing carrots in your vegetable garden.
Table of Contents
- 1 What Are the Different Types and varieties of Carrots?
- 2 What Does Carrot Sprout Look Like?
- 3 Preparing the soil before sowing carrots
- 4 Sowing and cultivation of carrort
- 5 The interview
- 6 Harvesting and conservation of carrot
- 7 Diseases and pests of carrot
- 8 Carrot Associations
- 9 Make your own carrot seeds
What Are the Different Types and varieties of Carrots?
It is part of the apiaceae family, to which celery, celery root and parsley belong. The leaves will not fool you; they have a real air of resemblance.
There are over 500 varieties of carrots. Traditionally, the root of the carrot is orange. But some fun varieties have more original colors: purple, red, yellow, white… White carrots look a bit like parsnips. the Different Types of Carrots varieties: Danvers, Ball, Imperator, Chantenay and Nantes and Colmar carrot with red heart.
Let’s move now towards what do carrot sprouts look like?
What Does Carrot Sprout Look Like?
Now that you simply have a general idea about carrots. it’s time to tackle the question of what carrot sprout look like.
Seed leaves begin to shoot off the bottom as soon because the sprouting process begins. It’s usually one or a pair of leaves that’s entirely different from the leaves of the plant when it’s reached maturity. Carrot sprouts (seed leaves) appear to return from an equivalent spot. They’re usually silky with a fragile texture. They seem to be almost like grass, but the most difference with grass is that the second grass leaf sprouts from the primary leaf.
There are different methods to identify carrot sprouts from other plants or weeds. However, most of those methods are used on small scale home gardens. They include:
- Sniffing the leaf: pinch a bit of the leaf and crush it together with your nails then smell it. Carrot sprouts have the scent of real carrots. Once you notice that the smell is different from that of a carrot, then the sprout may belong to a different plant in your garden, or it’s a weed.
- Wait for the important leaf: One thing you ought to have when growing carrots is patience. Once you want to get rid of weed, but aren’t sure which one among the growing plants is weed or carrot sprout, give them a while for the carrots to supply actual leaves. Carrot leaves have an identical appearance to palm leaves. I hope you got the idea of what do carrot sprouts look like.
Preparing the soil before sowing carrots
The carrot is super demanding. Yes Yes!
It is essential to dig the soil in depth (25 cm) and to crumble it well. In fact, during the first weeks of its growth, the young carrot root will develop in depth until it reaches the length of the future “adult” carrot. So if this root meets any pebble or a compact block of earth, it will stop its progress or split to bypass the obstacle. To you the beautiful forked and impossible to peel carrots!
On the other hand, I regularly found that my carrot seedlings were looted by ants. So, if possible, set up your carrot seedling away from ant nests in your garden.
Sowing and cultivation of carrort
The carrot does not replant well, so it must be sown. She really likes the sun. Think about it when choosing the location. To avoid the risk of pests or diseases spreading, avoid placing vegetables from the same family in the same location for four years in a row. The carrot will stay 6 to 8 months in its square, so I advise you to select the place but also the variety, to stagger the harvests. The proximity of lettuce, radish, leek (its smell keeps the fly away from the carrot), onion or beans can be beneficial. On the other hand, avoid sowing the carrot next to a rack of cabbage, celeriac, celery, turnip or black radish.
Before sowing, the square that will accommodate the Daucus carot must be empty for a little over a week at least so that the soil has time to rest, and spread a little wood ash to avoid pests. , and promote root growth.
Depending on the variety of carrot you have chosen, you can proceed to sowing from mid-February, and until April. under protection because the temperatures are very cool. A second wave is spread from May to July, this time in the ground. If you want to follow the lunar calendar, it is better to perform the gesture in the rising moon. Dig three equally spaced furrows, one cm deep, but don’t put too many seeds in the soil, as you will need to thin out.
In the evening, just after sowing, drop a little coffee grounds in the square. The smell of this brown powder repels the carrot fly, the main parasite of orange vegetables. Spread a little of this substance regularly until thinning.
Watering is a bit tricky in growing carrots; Until the first stems appear, the soil should always be a little damp. Then, ideally, the square should receive water once a week. The difficulty lies, of course, in the rain, on which the vegetables depend, regularly to aerate the soil, and also so that rainwater penetrates the soil.
The carrot does not need a lot of fertilizer. Excess of these products, even natural ones, can have negative effects. Do not give it nitrogen. You can sprinkle a small amount of potassium in July or August, but you should not add too much compost. A foliar fertilization based on Lithothamine (seaweed), to strengthen the protection of the plant, provides it with trace elements.
The carrot’s most voracious enemy is the fly. This white insect digs galleries in the root and nibbles the vegetable. To guard against this parasite, you can use coffee grounds as a repellant, but also nets (available in garden centers) above the plants.
To leave room for carrots to develop, and for them to benefit from the maximum amount of nutrients, you will need to patiently and conscientiously weed. But, for that, wait until the vegetables are a little big, in order to differentiate the leaves, easily recognizable because jagged.
Harvesting and conservation of carrot
The time of harvest, like that of sowing, depends on the variety of carrot you have chosen. You can pick your orange vegetables between June and November. To know if the time is right, the collar at the base of the rod must be wide enough. The difficulty, as with all root vegetables, is that the outline of the stem can be wide, but the root short. Be careful when removing the carrot from the ground that its tops are not entangled with those of other vegetables that you might accidentally pull up.
After picking each carrot, fill the hole well, to prevent the fly from laying eggs and therefore contaminating the soil and nearby vegetables. Don’t forget the hollow created by a plant harvested by mistake, which is not always easily located if the stems are too close together.
When the square is completely emptied, incorporate a green manure, so that the soil regenerates itself with nutrients.
After harvest, place the vegetables delicately at the bottom of a crate on sand in a dry place, ideally in a cellar.
Diseases and pests of carrot
The maggots of this fly burrow in the roots and cause them to rot.
Microscopic worms that infect roots and cause plants to fail. Galls form, plants assimilate food less well and see their growth slowed down.
Early blight of carrot:
Fungi that cause young seedlings to dry out. On older specimens black spots appear on the roots and leaves.
Purple Rhizoctonia of carrot:
Purplish spots spread over most of the root causing it to rot.
A fungus that rots the crown of young seedlings.
When you sow carrots, add a few radish seeds to the rows. They will sprout first and mark the row. You can then hoe without touching your seedlings. When you harvest them it will be time to thin the carrots.
You can also plant lettuce or arugula between the rows. They will be harvested before the carrots start to grow.
An often cited association is that of carrot and leeks. The scent of carrots masks leeks from certain pests such as leek moth. In return, leeks mask the smell of carrots with carrot fly.
Make your own carrot seeds
The carrot is a biennial plant. This means that flowering occurs the second year after sowing.
The flowering of the carrot gives birth to an umbel, composed of a multitude of white flowers which will give the future seeds.
To make your own carrot seeds, you must therefore leave a few carrots in place for them to bloom the following year. Once well formed and dry, the seeds can be collected in an envelope to be sown the following year.
But, personally, I have never tried making my own carrot seeds. I’m afraid the wait (2 years) will be too long to finally get less beautiful carrots.
I invite you to leave a comment to share your opinion, your experience or ask your questions on the subject.