Heart Attack: What Are the Treatments Available?

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Heart Attacks can affect anyone of any age. A blockage causes them in one or more of the arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle, which leads to tissue death because it’s deprived of oxygen and other nutrients. In this post, we will discuss the heart attack treatment options that are recommended by Lindita Coku MD based on your condition

Warning Signs of Heart Attack

●     Chest pain, pressure, or discomfort: This often spreads to the shoulders, arms, and neck as well as upper abdomen. In some cases, it can be indigestion-related, but more severe symptoms will occur if you have a heart attack. Shortness of breath, sweating, and nausea are common symptoms that a doctor should check out immediately after other more severe symptoms have been present for some time. Also, if you feel dizzy or lightheaded, this is often another sign related to an imbalance in blood flow caused by a heart attack, so get immediate care if these come on.

●     Weakness and fatigue:  These symptoms will need a diagnosis from a doctor to see if they stem from a heart attack or other condition, so be sure to have these checked out right away as well. If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above immediately after eating, exercising, or rest, this needs immediate medical attention.

Heart Attack Treatment 

Following are the options for heart attack treatment that your doctor may recommend:

Medications

● Aspirin (325mg) with food. Do not chew it up. Take every day unless your doctor tells you to stop or take a different kind of anticoagulant medicine.

● Nitroglycerin sublingual, put under the tongue when chest pain begins and goes away within five minutes after taking this pill. Keep this pill on you at all times, call an ambulance if the pain does not go away or comes back after taking it.

● Beta-blockers (metoprolol, carvedilol), taken every day unless your doctor tells you to stop them because of side effects like fatigue and dizziness.

Coronary Angioplasty and Stenting

Coronary angioplasty and stenting are relatively new treatments for heart attack. During this minimally invasive surgery, a thin tube called a catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin or wrist of the patient to be threaded to the blocked coronary arteries. Then, a balloon attached to the end of another small tube is inflated to open the artery, and a small wire mesh tube called a stent is deployed. This procedure improves blood flow to the heart muscle, reducing or preventing further damage from lack of oxygen-rich blood supply.

Coronary artery bypass surgery:

This procedure involves taking a healthy blood vessel from another part of your body, such as the leg or chest wall, and attaching it to the blocked coronary artery. This forms new channels for blood flow around the blockage in your heart.

Cardiac Rehabilitation:

It is a process where patients with heart disease can become more physically fit and emotionally healthy. This includes avoiding triggers that could lead to another, such as smoking or stress. It also helps them understand how their medications work in the body. Patients may be referred to cardiac rehabilitation by a doctor, nurse practitioner, or other health care professional.

Lifestyle Changes

If the person has had a cardiac arrest, they should try making some changes as soon as possible to avoid having another one or even worse.

●     Exercise regularly: A solid and healthy body can reduce the risks of developing heart disease. The best time to exercise is before breakfast because it helps increase the body’s metabolism for up to 16 hours every day.

●      Quit smoking: Smoking increases your risk of heart attack by 50%. If you are a smoker, then quitting now will help reduce the risks associated with cardiovascular diseases. 

●     Maintain a healthy diet: Heart attack is likely to have higher cholesterol levels in the body because of an unhealthy lifestyle. You can reduce your risk by maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet so that you get all the necessary nutrients for good health without getting too much sugar, salt, or fat.

●     Reduce stress: Studies have shown that people under a lot of pressure are more prone to heart disease than those with lower levels of stress. Thus, making sure you reduce your level of mental tension by exercising regularly and eating healthy can help keep the blood flowing smoothly through your body even during stressful times.

Conclusion 

Heart failure is a serious issue that needs to be treated timely. If you experience any of the symptoms, seek medical attention immediately to get the necessary treatment. Heart attacks are an unwanted and haunting menace of life. It can come at any age and at any time, so it is suitable to get the best heart attack treatment at all times.

Read Also: Benefits of a rowing machine

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